• First conditional: possible and very probable to happen (in the present or future).

First Conditional

    (if = se)

Ifpresent simplefuture (will / can / may / might + verb in the infinitive)

 Sentence structure

If it rains, we won’t have a picnic.        /       We won’t have a picnic if it rains.

If you work hard, you can pass the test.      /       You can pass the test if you work hard.

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  1. If you‘re hungry, you can have a sandwich.
  2. If John doesn’t shave off his beard, Lucy won’t go out with him.
  3. If Mary is lucky, she may get a small part in a film.
  4. If it rains, we won’t go to the beach.
  5. If you don’t like the pullover, I‘ll give it to your brother.
  6. If you‘re thirsty, I can make some fruit juice.
  7. If you don’t study, you won’t pass the exam.

About exercise A – go to Box for audio file!


  1. will give
  2. comes
  3. Will you take, go
  4. will get, doesn’t go
  5. won’t be, go
  6. will miss, doesn’t hurry
  7. Will you mind, uses
  8. am, do not wait
  9. wear, won’t get
  10. Will your mother get, arrive

About exercise B – go to Box for audio file!


 Test yourself!